Types of patients seen at the OSC

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Types of patients seen at the OSC

수술 전과 수술 후의 하악 후퇴증(무턱), 하악 전동증(주걱턱), 짧은 얼굴, 긴 얼굴의 비교그림

The type of patients seen at the OSC are those with skeletal disharmony of the face. They are generally classified to those who have skeletal malocclusion due to overgrowth or undergrowth of the upper or lower jaws, and those who needs improvement of facial contour due to square jaw or protruding cheekbones.
Clinical features of patients with skeletal malocclusion include mandibular prognathism (protruded lower jaw), mandibular retrognathism (retruded lower jaw), facial asymmetry, open bite (a condition in which the upper and lower front teeth do not meet when the mouth is closed), midface deficiency (undergrowth of the upper jaw), and bimaxillary prognathism (protruded upper and lower jaws).
In most cases, skeletal malocclusion presents with abnormal occlusal relationships of the teeth which is corrected in conjunction with orthodontic treatment for occlusal and functional rehabilitation as well as facial esthetic improvement.

Because temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorder can be acquired by skeletal malocclusion. TMJ evaluation is performed to determine the appropriate timing and method of surgery.

Skeletal disharmony of the upper and lower jaws not only brings about functional problems related to chewing, breathing, speech and TMJ, but also esthetic problems which can result in psychological problems negatively affecting patient’s social life.
In addition to the assessment made by the specialist according to objective guidelines, the patient’s subjective evaluation of his or her appearance plays an important role in determining the necessity and the extent of surgical intervention.
Therefore, the esthetic goal of surgery is based on the balance between the patient’s demand and motivation and the surgeon’s objective assessment. Hence, patients can avoid excessive treatment accompanied by functional disorders and other serious complications which can negatively impact the patient’s psychological well-being and social life.